Hormonal acne is associated with hormonal fluctuation, which can occur during puberty or because of irregular menstruation, or menopause. Scientists are under the impression that hormonal acne in adults results from a hormonal imbalance paired with an underlying medical condition.
How Does Hormonal Acne Occur?
When your body experiences a rise in androgen (a hormone responsible for reproductive health in both men and women), such as testosterone, it triggers a higher level of sebum production. Sebum is a type of oil secreted as a lubricant at the base of hair follicles to prevent your skin from drying out.
With the increased sebum, a bacterium known as Propionibacterium acnes (Pro-pio-ni-bacterium) starts growing exponentially at the base of hair follicles. The whole process ends with bacteria accumulating with dead skin cells inside the pores, otherwise being lost from the skin surface.
To know more about the treatment of hormonal breakouts, keep reading.
Treatments for Hormonal Acne
Thanks to the oral contraceptives for acne, they contain ethinylestradiol (ethi-nyl-estra-diol), which helps regulate hormones and eventually helps clear out the deep-rooted breakouts.
As self-explanatory as it is, these drugs reduce the higher androgen level in your body. One such drug is spironolactone (Aldactone). It’s primarily used to stabilize blood pressure, but it also has anti-androgen properties.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil possesses antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. It means that this oil controls the growth of acne-causing bacteria and minimizes the redness caused by acne. Research data revealed that 5% of the topical tea tree oil served the purpose in people with mild to moderate acne.
You can either use cleansers and toners infused with tea tree oil or apply it directly as an acne spot treatment.
Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA)
Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) is chiefly extracted from citrus fruits. AHAs help exfoliate the skin cells that can clog your pores. Additionally, they also play a significant role in diminishing the appearance of acne scars.
Green tea is known for treating inflammation. Skincare products, such as moisturizers and gels with 2% green tea extract, offer great benefits. You can also drink a couple of cups of green tea daily to enjoy other health benefits,
A Healthy Diet
Plant-based foods rich in antioxidants are widely known as inflammation-fighting foods. Plus, Omega-3 fatty acids also help in getting clear skin.
You should avoid eating junk food and also limit dairy products, red meat, sugar, and refined carbs, such as pasta and white bread.
Multivitamins, such as vitamin A, B, C, and E, can stabilize your hormones and play an important role in clearing out the acne bumps on your skin. One such multivitamin supplement is Diamond Glow, which is rich in the aforementioned vitamins along with 15 natural extract ingredients. A general misconception is that you should drink 3x more water than usual to have clear skin. But with this supplement, you can carry on with your normal water intake and still enjoy acne-free skin.
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