Hyperpigmentation is a common skin problem for many people, specifically women. It occurs due to excessive production of melanin pigment, making the skin darker. Other major causes for hyperpigmentation may be genetics, hormonal imbalance, prolonged sun exposure, environmental factors, or aging. However, hyperpigmentation is not a harmful skin condition and can be treated in many ways.
Below is a list of some tried and tested ways to get rid of hyperpigmentation for good.
Six Ways to Treat Hyperpigmentation
Chemical peeling involves removing the upper layer of damaged skin cells to stimulate the growth of healthy new cells. It fuels collagen production and reduces the risk of wrinkles, fine lines, and blemishes. The damaged and tanned skin is exfoliated during chemical peeling, making your skin healthier and brighter.
Intense Pulsed Light
Another effective treatment option for hyperpigmentation is intense pulsed light or IPL. A broad-spectrum light of different wavelengths targets denser melanin cells of the skin. Eventually, melanin masses break down so you have a lighter skin tone.
The procedure doesn’t cause a painful sensation and might take 20-30 minutes. The number of sessions depends upon the type or severity of pigmentation and your overall health condition.
Laser treatment is the most impactful therapy for treating hyperpigmentation. A short beam of laser light hits the melanin cells on the skin and breaks them down. Resultantly, the skin gets a radiant glow by decreasing the melanin pigment. Research suggests that laser therapy can significantly reduce hyperpigmentation, specifically melasma.
Microdermabrasion is a non-ablative exfoliating therapy for removing dead skin cells. It reduces different pigmentation problems such as age spots, acne, freckles, or melasma without any side effects.
Fine granules or coarse particles are gentled rubbed on the skin, making it healthier and glowing. Generally, 3-6 sessions are recommended for best results, depending on your skin type, age, and overall health condition.
Topical creams containing active ingredients such as kojic acid, hydroquinone, glycolic acid, retinol serums, or vitamin C may lighten the skin tone and reduce pigmentation. These medical products reduce the dark spots by reducing the melanin production in the skin.
- Kojic acid inhibits tyrosinase synthesis responsible for the production of melanin pigment. It is rich in antioxidant properties and stimulates cell regeneration.
- Vitamin C, being an antioxidant, lightens the dark spots by fighting free radicals. It minimizes melanin production, hence, boosting your skin glow and complexion.
- Glycolic acid is an effective ingredient that boosts cells’ regeneration capacity and cleans the clogged pores. It reduces hyperpigmentation issues and brightens the skin tone.
- Hydroquinone, a skin lightening agent, helps fade dark spots, acne scars, melasma, or freckles by reducing the number of melanocytes.
- Retinol Serum stimulates cell rejuvenation and reduces the dark spots by reducing melanin synthesis.
Hyperpigmentation can be treated by taking vitamin A, C, E, and B12. Vitamin A helps remove dead skin cells, vitamin C produces more collagen, vitamin B12 supports the growth of new skin cells, and vitamin E helps fade dark spots. You can fulfil these vitamin needs by consuming multivitamins such as Diamond Glow.It contains vitamin A, B, C, and E to help treat pigmentation, restore collagen, diminish dark spots, and cure acne scars effectively.
These are some ways to get rid of pigmentation. In addition to this, have a healthy skincare routine and make sure to apply sunscreen when you’re outside to prevent skin from developing dark patches or pigmentation.