Skin Pigmentation Cause and How to Get Rid of It – Pigmentation refers to the formation of dark spots and uneven skin patches across different body parts. Melanocytes are specialized body cells that produce melanin, the body’s natural pigment that determines the color of your hair, eyes, nails, and skin. Sometimes, melanin production disturbs due to different reasons such as genetics, underlying health problems, and environmental issues, leading to pigmentation.
Let’s have a look at the possible causes of pigmentation are discussed here.
Causes of Pigmentation
One of the most common reasons behind skin pigmentation is hormonal imbalance. It can be due to dysfunction in the thyroid gland, reproductive hormones, chronic kidney, liver disease, or insulin resistance. Women during pregnancy often face an abrupt hormonal imbalance leading to emotional and physical disturbances. So, they develop patches of pigmented skin and acne on the face, neck, or hands.
Exposure to UV-light
Long-term exposure to ultraviolet light from the sun can change the melanin production in the skin. Long-term exposure can damage the melanocytes (cells responsible for melanin production), collagen, and some skin proteins, thus leading to pigmentation.
Common pigmentation problems due to UV-light exposure are the formation of sunspots, melasma, and freckles.
Poor Quality Skincare Products
Sometimes, using a low-quality skin product may cause pigmentation problems. It is essential to check the reviews and reputation of the brand as well as to know your skin type before applying any product to your skin.
The formation of fine lines, spots, and wrinkles may be the consequence of aging. Research shows that the chances of developing post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, or solar lentigo increase with age. Moreover, the collagen content of the skin decreases with age, leading to loss of skin tightening and glow.
Research suggests that certain medications such as anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, and anti-malarial drugs may cause skin pigmentation, freckles, or allergy. Moreover, chemotherapy for cancer patients and medicines for the auto-immune disorder may also result in skin damage. A study claims that around 20% of pigmentation problems are drug-induced.
How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation?
You must find a comprehensive solution to treat the skin pigmentation problem. There are many different treatment options available for treating pigmentation, some of these are listed below:
Chemical peels deeply exfoliate your skin to regenerate skin with a brighter complexion by removing the clusters of melanin on the outermost skin. It can help remove acne and fine lines and heal sun-damaged areas. However, the effectiveness depends on the mode and extent of the peeling procedure.
Intense Pulsed Light
Intense pulsed light is an effective treatment option for pigmented skin. It breaks the melanin pigment by targeting a broad-spectrum light of different wavelengths on the pigmented area. Thus, minimizing the problem of imbalanced pigmentation.
Minimizing sun exposure can significantly decrease the risk of developing pigmentation. So, you should apply good quality sunscreen before going outside to prevent the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Otherwise, you may suffer from frequent pigmentation problems even after taking multiple skin treatments.
Multivitamin supplement intake can enhance the skin glow by reducing oxidative stress. For instance, Diamond Glow is a certified supplement enriched with vitamin A, B, C, and E, making it an ideal choice for treating pigmented skin. It is HALAL and HACCP approved and packed with natural ingredients best for improving your skin tone, elasticity, and glow.
To Wrap It Up
Pigmentation can occur at any age or in gender due to sun exposure, environmental pollutants, or an underlying health problem. For best results, consult your dermatologist as they can help find the root cause of pigmentation and prescribe treatment accordingly.