See, there is never a standard normal skin-like thing. Skin changes many times in one’s life as a person goes through a lot of phases, especially during puberty. During puberty, your skin responds to many external and internal factors which may impact your skin type.
There are plenty of reasons why you have oily skin. One possible factor that causes excess oil production could be a hormonal imbalance. These issues sometimes also lead to breakouts or acne.
How Hormone Cause Oily Skin?
Many people may experience a change in their skin during their teenage years and later in life due to small sebaceous glands. These sebaceous glands are responsible for producing oily liquid called sebum. When a person hits puberty, sebaceous glands become larger and start secreting sebum. In humans, most sebum is produced between the age of 15 to 35.
The sebaceous glands are influenced more by the androgen hormone. Androgen is similar to the male sex hormone testosterone, but present in men and women. When more androgen hormones attach to the receptor on the sebaceous gland, it causes the overproduction of sebum in both sexes during puberty. This binding results in oilier skin and often lead to acne.
Moreover, the production of sebum may change throughout the menstrual cycle of women. A study shows that the level of sebum production increases in women with oily skin during their menstruation week.
However, no research has been conducted on changes in sebum production of women without oily skin, which is why researchers are not sure whether changes in hormonal levels cause the overproduction of oil on the skin.
Besides hormones, many other factors are involved in the overproduction of sebum, such as genetics, excessive sun exposure, or seasonal changes- all of these may lead to oilier skin.
How Estrogen Affects Skin Health?
Although it’s not proven whether changes in estrogen level affect the sebaceous glands or not, estrogen surely plays a significant role in overall skin health. Estrogen is often linked with skin thickness, wound healing, overproduction of collagen, and improved barrier function.
In a study, 2 out of 5 women reported that their skin gets sensitive around or during the menstrual cycle. The researchers concluded this was due to low estrogen levels during this time.
How to Manage Oily Skin?
Whatever the reason behind your oily skin, you can do a few things to control and prevent excessive oil production on your skin:
- Wash your face regularly with warm water and a gentle face wash
- Use oily-skin friendly toners to keep your pores from clogging
- Gently pat dry your face after washing or applying a toner. Don’t be harsh on your skin
- Use facial masks such as clay, honey, or oatmeal masks to cleanse your oily skin and moisturize it
- Use a quality moisturizer to heal acne and keep the skin moist
- Make sure to consume an oily-skin friendly diet
- Consume multivitamins that may help control oily skin and acne
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