Acne is a very common skin condition that happens to most people, but it mostly affects teenagers. Recent research shows that people aged 12-24 mostly experience acne. Though acne is not hazardous for your health, it often leaves spots on the skin that can be very embarrassing at times. That’s when you think of getting rid of this skin condition.
However, you should first know the root causes of acne to get rid of it. Let’s have a look at what causes acne.
What Causes Acne?
Blockage of Pores
Acne is caused when small sacs called follicles on human skin become blocked. The role of follicles is to produce and secrete liquid and join oil glands with pores. Oil glands produce a liquid called sebum.
The gland releases sebum that moves out of the pores up the hair and onto your skin. The sebum keeps your skin soft and lubricated by producing oil. Any problem in the lubrication process can cause acne.
Here are some problems that can affect lubrication:
- Dead skin cells accumulation in the pores that finally lead to acne.
- Excessive oil production can cause acne.
- Sometimes bacteria grows in the skin that ends up in acne —the severity of acne depends on the strain of bacteria. But not all bacteria cause skin infection, some strains of bacteria help the skin remain acne-free.
All these skin issues can lead to the development of pimples. Below are some other factors that may contribute to the growth of acne on the skin in different people.
Sometimes acne runs in families. For instance, if your parents had acne, there are chances that you may develop it as well. A study shows that you are more likely to develop severe acne at an early age if both your parents had acne on their skin. Similarly, if both parents have adult acne, you can probably get adult acne too.
Teen acne is very common and is caused mainly due to the increased level of hormones during puberty. Increased levels of hormones cause the oil gland beneath the skin to grow. If the glands become enlarged, they will produce more oil (sebum). Excessive oil causes the breakdown of cellular walls in the pores that become the source of bacteria growth, thus leading to acne.
Research shows that women get more adult acne compared to men. In many cases, adult acne is caused by changes in hormone levels that many women experience at some time in their life, such as:
- Some women have symptoms of acne during their pregnancy, especially in their first three months.
- Many women get acne just before their period.
- Polycystic syndrome (PCOS) is a health condition that causes skin acne, weight gain, and small cysts in a woman’s ovary.
Other Possible Causes of Acne
Here are some other common causes of acne:
- Excessive use of cosmetic products. Some skin types are incompatible with chemical products, which leads to acne. Likewise, not properly removing your makeup can cause acne.
- Medication that contains lithium and androgen.
- Smoking can also contribute to acne in older people.
To Wrap it Up
Almost anyone can experience acne in their life at some point. Acne can be mild to moderate to severe, but you can only treat and prevent it from growing again once you know the root cause. We have listed above some possible triggers that will help you recognize the cause of your acne.
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