What Causes Hormonal Imbalance?

Hormones are the chemical messengers of your body that travel across your bloodstream, delivering your brain’s commands. Hormonal imbalance translates to over or under production of a specific hormone in your body. This fluctuation can pose serious side effects like irregular periods, insomnia, infertility, depression, extremely parched skin, muscle weakness, joint stiffness, etc.

But what causes the hormonal imbalance? Let’s have a look at some of the major causes of hormonal imbalance in this article.

Causes of a Hormonal Imbalance

There are many factors affecting hormone stability. They differ based on which hormone suffers an imbalance. Some of the common causes are as follows:

Thyroid Issues

The thyroid gland produces hormones that play an integral role in your body’s functions. If your body is experiencing problems with thyroid glands, then your chances of hormonal imbalance are high.

Eating Disorders

An eating disorder is associated with an abnormal eating pattern, like overeating, starving, or binge eating. This disorder leads to the underproduction of hormones, such as estrogen.

Birth Control

Some birth control pills disturb your natural hormonal levels. They may cause irregular periods or lack of periods altogether, heavy bleeding in periods, digestive issues, weight gain, and more.


Stress commands your body to release cortisol. In chronic stress, your body experiences a constant surge in cortisol level, affecting other hormones and leading to crushing syndrome.

Other things that factor into disturbing your hormones include:

  • Premature menopause – that manifests before the age of 40. Also known as premature ovarian failure
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Breastfeeding
  • PCOS
  • Medication
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Tumors, either benign or cancerous
  • Trauma or injury

Underlying Medical Conditions Causing Hormonal Imbalance 

Some medical conditions may also play a role in disrupting hormonal balance. For example:

  • Diabetes type 1 and 2
  • Hypogonadism – underproduction of sex hormones
  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic disorder affecting the adrenal glands, the tiny glands above the kidney. These glands are responsible for producing hormones that regulate your body’s response to stress and illness. Reduced level of cortisol and aldosterone is the symptom of CAH.
  • Cushing Syndrome-  The outer layer of the adrenal glands is responsible for producing cortisol. The crushing syndrome is a medical condition with overproduction of cortisol. It can be a result of taking excessive steroids or tumors.
  • Addison’s disease is the inability of the adrenal glands to produce enough hormones for normal functioning. The underlying reason can be an infection, injury, or auto-immune response: when your immune system is misguided to kill a body’s own cells. These signals make an immune system attack the adrenal glands. Hence the hormonal anomalies.

To Wrap It Up

Hormonal imbalance can occur due to many reasons as discussed above; however, healthy lifestyle habits and a nutritious diet may help improve your hormonal levels. Consume enough proteins and healthy fats, exercise regularly, maintain moderate weight, and consider taking multivitamins may help balance your hormones.

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